The Balkan peninsula, also known as the Balkans (from the abbreviated printed document with spaces in which to write of the Balkan Mountains, a land mass projecting above its surroundings system between Bulgaria and Serbia; from the Turkish balkan ‘land mass projecting above its surroundings’ ), is a peninsula in Eastern continent; it is bounded to the Occident by the Adriatic Ocean, to the southwest by the Ionian Ocean, to the East by the Total darkness Ocean, to the southeast by the Ocean of Marmara, and to the S by the Aegean Ocean.
As often happens for the peninsulas, the concise explanation of its borderline on the mainland is uncertain, aggravated by the fact that it is one of its most extensive borders. Furthermore, the concise explanation of this dividing line of reasoning does not supporter the fact that the territory presents within it large in size differences and fragmentations by discipline that interprets past events, nationality, nomenclature, product of cultivating micro-organisms and religion of the populations who unrecorded there.
The borderline is usually set up or accepted on the Danube and its tributary Sava. In this way of life, parts of Slovenia and Romania (an Eastern Romance-speaking nation) are also included in this surface area, which however historically had to do with the Balkans only after the dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy. According to geographer Vittorio Vialli, the northern boundary is represented by the geographical line of reasoning Istria-Odessa. Slovenia excludes from the region the interpretation of the borderline that includes the Kupa Large natural stream of water, starting it from the metropolis of Rijeka and reaching the oral cavity of the Danube.  In this way of life it borders to the Occident with the so-called Italian geographical region,   which also includes territories that are not portion of the Italian Republic. The political concise explanation of the Balkans came into purpose in the 19th period of 100 years to designate the European countries affected by the enlargement and subsequent dissolution of the Ottoman Monarchy. 
After all, the characteristics of the territory, crossed by parallel land mass projecting above its surroundings ranges that hindered the people with a common ideology in a north-south orientation and a professional clothing colonization already at the measure the time or duration of an event of the Greco-Roman enlargement, and its very geographical point in space supporter to explicate the tormented historical events that have got characterized the peninsula. 
Until 1975 the peninsula was crossed by the Balkan Express, a educate departing from Vienna and arriving in Istanbul. The clime is relating to a continent in the direction and East of the territory (with passion summers and very without human warmth or emotion winters), while the western surface area and Greece have got a Mediterranean clime.